Acne Solutions: Causes, Treatments, and Expert Advice

woman covering her acne with makeup

Acne is a common skin condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Characterized by red, inflamed pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads, acne can be frustrating to deal with and can have a significant impact on an individual’s self-esteem. If you have been struggling with acne and are in search of expert advice on acne care, look no further. Fergus Pharmacy is here to help you understand the causes and treatments so you can finally achieve the clear skin you’ve been longing for. Remember, you can always reach out to us at 226-383-8000 or sign up at for personalized assistance with your acne concerns.

In this comprehensive acne guide, we will first explore the primary factors contributing to the development of acne, such as hormonal fluctuations, excessive sebum production, bacteria, and clogged pores. Knowing the root cause of your acne is crucial in determining the most suitable and effective treatment for your specific skin type and acne severity.

Understanding the Causes of Acne

To effectively tackle acne, it’s essential to understand the root causes of this common yet complex skin condition. Acne is most often the result of a combination of factors, such as:

  1. Hormonal fluctuations: Hormone levels can significantly impact the occurrence and severity of acne. Hormonal acne is primarily caused by an excess of androgen hormones, which can lead to increased sebum production and inflammation. This type of acne is especially common during puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy.
  2. Excessive sebum production: Sebum is the natural oil produced by our skin’s sebaceous glands. When produced in excess, it can clog the pores, mix with dead skin cells, and create an environment conducive to bacterial growth, all of which contribute to acne development.
  3. Bacteria: The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a common inhabitant of the skin. When trapped within clogged pores, it can multiply and cause inflammation, leading to acne.
  4. Clogged pores: Pores can become clogged by a combination of dead skin cells, sebum, and bacteria. This can result in the formation of comedones, such as blackheads and whiteheads, which can later progress into more severe forms of acne.

Treatments to Combat Acne

Various acne treatments are available to help combat acne and control breakouts. The most appropriate treatment will depend on the severity and type of acne, as well as individual skin sensitivities. Here are some common treatment options:

  1. Topical over-the-counter treatments: These are typically the first line of defense against mild to moderate acne. Some popular active ingredients include salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). These products work by exfoliating the skin, removing dead cells, and killing bacteria to prevent acne formation.
  2. Prescription medications: If over-the-counter treatments are not providing the desired results, a doctor or dermatologist may prescribe stronger medications, such as retinoids, antibiotics, or hormonal therapies. These medicines help regulate sebum production, reduce inflammation, and disrupt bacterial growth.
  3. Natural remedies: Several natural remedies can assist in managing acne. Tea tree oil, green tea extract, aloe vera, and apple cider vinegar are some examples of natural ingredients with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and exfoliating properties that may be beneficial for acne-prone skin.
  4. Professional treatments: In more severe cases, or when other treatments are not yielding results, professional treatments like chemical peels, laser therapy, and microdermabrasion may be recommended. These procedures target the root causes of acne and can provide more immediate and lasting results.

Skincare Tips and Lifestyle Changes for Acne Prevention

Prevention is key when it comes to maintaining clear and healthy skin. Consider implementing these skincare and lifestyle tips to help keep acne at bay:

  1. Develop a tailored skincare routine: Establishing a consistent skincare routine that addresses your skin’s specific needs is crucial. This should include cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing, and using sunscreen regularly. Be sure to select non-comedogenic products that won’t clog pores and cause breakouts.
  2. Keep your hands off your face: Touching your face can transfer bacteria, dirt, and oil from your hands, which can exacerbate acne. Refrain from picking at or popping pimples, as this can lead to infection, scarring, and increased inflammation.
  3. Maintain a healthy diet: Research suggests that certain dietary factors, such as high-glycemic foods and dairy, may contribute to acne development. Aim for a balanced diet rich in whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables to promote healthy skin.
  4. Manage stress levels: Stress has been linked to an increase in acne severity due to the production of stress hormones that can trigger inflammation and sebum production. Incorporate stress-reducing activities into your daily routine, such as meditation, yoga, or regular exercise.

Coping with the Psychological Impact of Acne

The psychological effects of dealing with acne should not be overlooked. It’s essential to prioritize self-care and nurture a positive self-image. Some strategies for coping with the emotional impact of acne include:

  1. Seek support: Reach out to friends, family, or mental health professionals who can provide the emotional support you need while dealing with acne.
  2. Focus on your strengths: Emphasize and celebrate your unique qualities and personal achievements, rather than focusing solely on your appearance.
  3. Avoid negative self-talk: Cultivate a positive self-image by replacing negative thoughts with constructive and encouraging affirmations.


Acne can be a challenging skin condition to manage, but with expert guidance from Fergus Pharmacy and a comprehensive understanding of its causes and treatments, you can work toward clearer, healthier skin. Remember to call our pharmacy at 226-383-8000 or sign up at for personalized assistance in tackling acne and achieving your skincare goals. By combining the right treatment plan with a proactive approach to prevention and self-care, you can conquer acne and enjoy the beautiful skin you deserve.